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买大小平台赚钱_买大小平台赚钱

来源:买大小平台赚钱2023-11-24 17:48

  

买大小平台赚钱

中新网评:处理核污水绝不是日本自家私事******

  中新网北京1月19日电(蒋鲤)日本政府近日称,将于2023年春夏期间开始向海洋排放经过处理的福岛第一核电站核污水。日本罔顾国内民众及周边国家的屡屡反对,企图将核污水“一倒了之”,把一件关乎全球海洋生态环境和公众健康的事当成了自家私事。

资料图:日本福岛第一核电站。

  2011年,福岛核电站事故发生后,大量放射性物质泄漏到大气层和太平洋,对周围环境造成了难以逆转的伤害,数十万人被迫撤离该地区。时至今日,作为日本邻国之一的韩国仍未解除福岛海鲜禁令。

  日本以核污水存储能力即将达到上限为由,在2021年4月13日,正式决定将福岛第一核电站核污水排入太平洋。过去一年多,日本政府和东京电力公司一直在持续推进核污水排海计划。

  日本政府辩称,这些核污水经多核素处理系统(ALPS)处理后很安全,甚至“可以喝”,这样的表态无疑在愚弄大众。

  事实上,经过处理的核污水仍含有多种放射性物质,核污水一旦排放入海就无法回收,长期来看,将会给海洋生态带来难以估量的潜在威胁,最终危害人类健康。

  因此,核污水排海计划推出后,遭到日本民众强烈反对。日本《朝日新闻》2022年3月公布的问卷调查显示,福岛县、宫城县和岩手县受访的42个市町村长中,约六成反对东京电力公司福岛第一核电站核污水排放入海。日本全国渔业协会联合会也多次申明立场,反对该计划。

  日本政府认为,核污水排海是最便宜、最省事的解决方案,但此举却将周边国家乃至全世界置于核污染风险中。太平洋非日本一家之海,核污水会随着洋流流动,其影响势必会跨越国界,危害周边国家乃至整个国际社会的公共福祉和利益。

  《韩国经济新闻》发文称,相关研究认为,福岛核污水如果排放入海,约7个月后将到达济州等韩国海域,该国水产业和旅游业将遭受相当大的损失。

  德国南极海洋机构也曾发出警告,若日本将所有核污水排入海中,不到半年,整个太平洋都将面临高度辐射威胁,包括远在大洋另一端的美国。太平洋地区人民更是对日本该计划持反对意见。

  日本作为《联合国海洋法公约》缔约国,有义务保护海洋环境。然而,在核污水排海方案的正当性、核污水数据的可靠性、净化装置的有效性、环境影响的不确定性等问题上,日本未能作出科学、可信的说明。

  国际原子能机构技术工作组虽已三次赴日实地考察评估,但尚未就日排海方案的安全性给出结论,并且对日本提出诸多澄清要求和整改意见。在此情况下,日本仍执意推进核污水排海工程建设,这是极不负责任的行为。

  太平洋不是日本的下水道,日本必须正视各方合理关切,在与周边国家等相关利益方和国际原子能机构充分协商后,制定合理的核污水处理方案。日本也要着眼长远,若只顾眼前,执意将核污水排放入海,不仅其自身,周边国家乃至全世界都将为之买单,其后果必将会危害数代人。

  Fukushima water disposal by no means Japan’s own business

  By John Lee

  (ECNS) -- Japan has announced it will release treated wastewater from the wrecked Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant into the Pacific Ocean this year.

  Although Fukushima wastewater disposal affects global marine ecological environment protection and public health, Japan has turned a deaf ear to domestic and international opposition to dumping the contaminated water into the sea, treating the "global" matter as its own business.

  The Fukushima accident in 2011 had sent large quantities of radiation into the atmosphere and the Pacific Ocean, causing irreversible damage to the surrounding environment, and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to evacuate the area. South Korea still maintains its import ban on Japanese seafood from areas affected by the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

  On April 13, 2021, Japan announced it had decided to discharge contaminated radioactive wastewater in Fukushima Prefecture into the sea due to dwindling storage space, with the Japanese government and plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc. promoting the release plan over the past year.

  The Japanese government argues that the water treated by an advanced liquid processing system, or ALPS, is safe and drinkable, which is undoubtedly fooling the public.

  In fact, the treated wastewater still includes a variety of radioactive substances and can’t be recycled once discharged into the sea, which will pose a great threat to marine ecology and ultimately endanger human health in the long run.

  Therefore, the discharge plan has been strongly opposed in Japan. According to a questionnaire conducted by The Asahi Shimbun, nearly 60 percent of mayors of 42 municipalities in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures oppose the discharge plan. The National Fisheries Cooperative Federation of Japan has also repeatedly stated its opposition in public.

  The Japanese government believes that dumping Fukushima wastewater into the sea is the cheapest and most convenient solution, but neighboring countries and even the whole world will be at risk of nuclear pollution.

  The Pacific Ocean doesn’t belong to Japan and the wastewater flow along oceanic currents will surely break boundaries and endanger public welfare and the interests of neighboring countries and even the international community.

  The Korea Economic Daily reported that related research concluded that if contaminated water from Fukushima is released into the ocean, it would only take seven months for the contaminated water to reach the shores of Jeju Island, with the country's aquaculture and tourism suffering considerable losses.

  According to the calculation of a German marine scientific research institute, radioactive materials will spread to most of the Pacific Ocean within half a year from the date of discharge, and the U.S. and Canada will be affected by nuclear pollution. People in the Pacific region also oppose the discharge plan.

  As a participant of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Japan has the obligation of protecting the marine environment.

  However, it hasn’t offered a full and convincing explanation on issues like the legitimacy of the discharge plan, the reliability of data on the nuclear-contaminated water, the efficacy of the treatment system or the uncertainty of environmental impact.

  Though the IAEA has yet to complete a comprehensive review after three investigations in Japan, the Japanese side has been pushing through the approval process for its discharge plan and even started building facilities for the discharge. It is rather irresponsible for Japan to act against public opinion at home and concerns abroad.

  The Pacific Ocean is not a private Japanese sewer. The country must seriously heed the voices of the international community and make a reasonable plan for the Fukushima wastewater disposal after full consultation with stakeholders and international agencies.

  If it only seeks instant interest and insists on discharging the contaminated water into the sea, not only itself, but also its neighboring countries and the entire world will pay for the decision and several generations will be forced to bear the consequence.

 

保持吸引外资“增量提质”态势(人民时评)******

  中央经济工作会议强调,“更大力度吸引和利用外资”。不久前,商务部发布的数据显示,2022年前11个月,我国实际使用外资金额达11560.9亿元,按可比口径同比增长9.9%,已超过2021年全年。外资看好中国、投资中国,向世界展示了中国市场的超强韧性和巨大吸引力。

  在“稳存量、扩增量”的基础上,我国外资“提质量”也取得明显成效。首先,引进外资促进了关键领域发展。高技术制造业实际使用外资金额增长58.8%,高技术服务业增长23.5%,已成为吸引外资的“主引擎”。其次,外资的来源更多元。来自韩国、德国、英国、日本等国家的实际投资同比分别增长122.1%、52.6%、33.1%和26.6%。“一带一路”沿线国家对我国市场的认可度也不断提升,投资不断增长。再次,外资的区域分布更合理。我国中、西部地区对外资吸引力逐渐增强,外资流入增速分别为28.6%和24.6%。可以说,我国吸引外资在2022年实现逆势增长,出现了“增量提质”的态势,充分表明我国经济韧性强、潜力大、活力足。

  吸引和利用外资“增量提质”良好局面来之不易。成绩的取得,源于我国完整的产业体系、超大规模的市场、稳定的社会大局、长期向好的经济基本面等综合优势,也因为我国毫不动摇实施了一系列吸引外资的高水平开放举措,切实保障了外资对安全、回报和市场的期盼。在坚持扩大外资市场准入方面,2022年,我国连续第六年缩减全国和自贸试验区外资准入负面清单;把沈阳、南京、杭州、武汉、广州、成都6个城市纳入服务业扩大开放综合试点;2022年版《鼓励外商投资产业目录》总条目比2020年版增长了近20%。在坚持优化投资营商环境方面,2022年,各地区各部门继续深入清理、修订和废止了与外商投资法及其实施条例和司法解释不符的法规文件;积极落实《外商投资企业投诉工作办法》,推动营商环境市场化法治化国际化建设不断深化。在坚持对接高标准规则方面,2022年以来,我国积极推进加入《全面与进步跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(CPTPP)和《数字经济伙伴关系协定》(DEPA),继续推进多个自贸协定的谈判和升级进程。

  同时,也要清醒认识到,当前国际形势复杂多变,跨国投资者分散风险考量明显上升,各国吸引外资竞争日趋激烈,世界范围内新增投资呈分散趋势。做好2023年经济工作,实现经济运行总体回升,要求我们切实稳住吸引外资的基本盘,进一步提升利用外资的水平。中央经济工作会议提出:“要推进高水平对外开放,提升贸易投资合作质量和水平。”全面贯彻党中央的决策部署,要稳步扩大制度型开放,落实好外企国民待遇,坚定外资企业在华投资的信心;要认真研究新形势下利用外资的新趋势,抓住全球产业结构和布局调整带来的新机遇,优化外资来源结构;要继续引导外资流向高技术、高标准、绿色低碳等领域,均衡外资产业分布,让我国成为更富吸引力的投资热土。

  开放是人类文明进步的重要动力,是世界繁荣发展的必由之路。过去中国经济发展是在开放条件下取得的,未来中国经济实现高质量发展也必须在更加开放的条件下进行。只要继续推进高水平对外开放,增强国内国际两个市场两种资源联动效应,就能保持对外资的强大吸引力,以中国新发展为世界提供新机遇。高凌云

  (文图:赵筱尘 巫邓炎)

[责编:天天中]
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